According to a journal kept by shipmate Robert Juet, Hudson and his crew on the Half Moon sailed into New York Harbor on September 11th, 1609. From there they sailed North up the Hudson River stopping briefly in the cove created by the Spuyten Duyvil, a then small waterway now spanned by the Henry Hudson Bridge.
From Robert Juet’s journal: “This morning, at our first anchorage in the river, 28 canoes full of men, women and children came to us, but we saw their intent of treachery and would not allow any of them to come aboard. They brought with them oysters and beans, some of which we bought. They have large tobacco pipes of yellow copper, and pots of clay to prepare their meat in. At 12 o’clock they departed.”
Hudson’s encounters with the Native Peoples were brief and fraught with tension, mistrust and violence. The native Lenape people would see their way of life destroyed, but for Hudson’s employers, the Dutch United East India Company, his discovery represented a major coup.
For much of the 17th century Manhattan, or New Netherland, would be a Dutch outpost and trading colony.
And while MyInwood can’t mint a coin, like the new Henry Hudson four-hundredth anniversary five Euro piece, or host a grand celebration complete with battleships like they did on the 300th anniversary in 1909, we can break down Hudson’s impact and lasting legacy.
In the months leading up to the 400th anniversary of New York’s Dutch incarnation, we’ll shine a light on Henry Hudson and the mark he left on the globe.